May 31, 2014

Lyrics & translation of Surya Mantra 'Tat Savitur Vrnimahe Vayam'..

Number of beautiful hymns are present in our Veda's to praise the Sun (Surya devta). Today I heard one of the hymn,  when I was watching Mahabharat on Star Plus.

In today's episode, this was played in the background, while Karan (son of solar deity Sun) was offering argh to Surya Narayan:

तत सवितुर वर्णीमहे वयं देवस्य भोजनम
शरेष्ठं सर्वधातमं तुरम भगस्य धीमहि ||
विश्वानि देव सवितर दुरितानि परा सुव |
यद भद्रं तन न आ सुव ||

Tat savitur vrnīmahe vayam devasya bhojanam |
Srestham sarvadhātamam turam bhaghasya dhīmahi ||
Viśvāni deva savitar duritāni parā suva |
Yad bhadram tan na ā suva ||

It means,
We desire of Savitar the God this fortune much to be enjoyed,
The best, all-yielding, glorious gift of Bhaga we would gladly win..
Savitar, God, send far away all mourning and tragedies,
And send us only what is good..

ALSO READ: Lyrics & English Translations of Draupadi entry song,'Kumari Chapi Panchali' from Mahabharat ! 

That was taken from 1st and 5th verse of Rigveda's shlok (hymn) number 82.  Here is the whole hymn from verse no. 1 to 9th..

1) तत सवितुर वर्णीमहे वयं देवस्य भोजनम |
शरेष्ठं सर्वधातमं तुरम भगस्य धीमहि ||

Tat savitur vrnīmahe vayam devasya bhojanam |
Srestham sarvadhātamam turam bhaghasya dhīmahi ||

We desire of the God Savitar, this fortune much to be enjoyed,
The best and all sustaining, glorious gift of Bhaga we would gladly win..

2) अस्य हि सवयशस्तरं सवितुः कच चन परियम |
न मिनन्ति सवराज्यम ||

Asya hi svayaśastaram savituh kac cana priyam |
Na minanti svarājyam ||

Savitar's own supremacy, most magnificent and adored of all,
No one diminished in aught (anything at all)..

3) स हि रत्नानि दाशुषे सुवाति सविता भगः |
तम भागं चित्रम ईमहे ||

Sa hi ratnāni dāśuse suvāti savitā bhaghah |
Tam bhāgham citram īmahe ||

For Savitar, who is Bhaga shall send riches to his worshipper,
That amazing portion we pray..

4) अद्या नो देव सवितः परजावत सावीः सौभगम |
परा दुष्वप्न्यं सुव ||

Adyā no deva savitah prajāvat sāvīh saubhagham |
Parā dusvapnyam suva ||

God Savitar , send us this day,  prosperity with offspring,
thou(you) drive the evil dream away..

5) विश्वानि देव सवितर दुरितानि परा सुव |
यद भद्रं तन न आ सुव ||

Viśvāni deva savitar duritāni parā suva |
Yad bhadram tan na ā suva ||

Savitar, God, send far away all mourning and tragedies,
And send us only what is good..

6) अनागसो अदितये देवस्य सवितुः सवे |
विश्वा वामानि धीमहि ||

Anāghaso aditaye devasya savituh save |
Viśvā vāmāni dhīmahi ||

Sinless in sight of Aditi through the God Savitar's influence,
may we obtain all lovely things..

7) आ विश्वदेवं सत्पतिं सूक्तैर अद्या वर्णीमहे |
सत्यसवं सवितारम ||

ā viśvadevam satpatim sūktair adyā vrnīmahe |
Satyasavam savitāram ||

We with our hymns this day opt for the general God, Lord of the good,
Savitr whose verdict's are true.

8) य इमे उभे अहनी पुर एत्य अप्रयुछन |
सवाधीर देवः सविता ||

Ya ime ubhe ahanī pura ety aprayuchan |
Svādhīr devah savitā ||

He who for ever cautious leads these Twain(twain means two), the Day and Night,
Is Savitar the thoughtful God..

9) य इमा विश्वा जातान्य आश्रावयति शलोकेन |
पर च सुवाति सविता ||

Ya imā viśvā jātāny āśrāvayati ślokena |
Ypra ca suvāti savitā ||

He who gives glory unto all these living creatures with the song,
brings them forth, is Savitar.

ALSO READ: Mahabharat explains all aspects of life..

The 1st mantra is in Anustup Chhanda, whereas the following ones from the 2nd to the 9th ones are in the Gayatri Chhanda. Anustup Chhanda has four lines. Whereas, Gayatri chhanda consist of three padas or lines, each line having eight syllables.

For those uninitiated, Chhanda is the metre that is used, and can be derived from the sequence of LONG (guru - heavy) and SHORT (laghu - light) syllables. 

I am sure you must be confused, who is Savita or Savitar or Savitr  or Savitah?.. Well Savita is a symbol of the Divine. On the eternity / infinite plane , Savita means God. Whereas on the physical plane, it means Sun. On the supernatural plane it means cleverness and on the biological plane, it means liveliness.

In Hindu Shastra's the Surya is described as Savita and is one of the Aditya's.  According to Rigveda, Aditya's are the seven deities (dev) of the heaven, namely Varuna, Mitra, Aryaman, Bhaga, Daksha, Anśa and Savitar.

In our Universe, Surya/Sun/Savita is the source of all the things. It is through His Divine Grace that the Universe exists.

The 'Savitur' in the Gayatri Mantra is derived from Savita, that's why the Gayatri Mantra is often referred as the Savitri Mantra as this magical mantra speaks of the Sun.

तत सवितुर्वरेण्यं भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि |
धियो यो नः परचोदयात ||

Tat saviturvarenyam bhargho devasya dhīmahi|
Dhiyo yo nah pracodayāt ||

May we attain that excellent glory of Savitar the God, so May he motivate our prayers. 

-K Himaanshu Shukla..

Copyright © 2014 - ScrutinyByKHimaanshu

May 30, 2014

Maksim Chmerkovskiy, winner of 'Dancing with the Stars' to judge Jhalak!!

Maksim Chmerkovskiy, who recently won the 18th season of  "Dancing with the Stars,"  alongside Olympian Meryl Davis has been signed to judge next season of Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa, along with Madhuri Dixit-Nene, Karan Johar and Remo D'Souza.

The international choreographer, after winning his first mirror ball trophy in May 2014, conveyed that instead of competing in any talent competition he will prefer to sit on judge panel.

34 years old Ukrainian choreographer and Latin Ballroom dance champion Chmerkovskiy, during his recent media interaction said. "I'm a good judge. I know this business, I've been in it, I grew up in it.”

According to our sources, “Chmerkovskiy is more likely to judge the technique and correctness with which the participants and there choreographers move towards international dance forms.

-K Himaanshu Shukla..

Copyright © 2014 - ScrutinyByKHimaanshu

May 29, 2014

TAM RATINGS: TVM(TRP) & GVT(GRP) Ratings 2014- Week 21

In the week 21 of TAM TV ratings, there are only two general entertainment channels (GECs) which gained the maximum eyeballs. One is the leader in this space, Star Plus which inched closer to 700 million mark once again and second is Sab. Rest other channels witnessed a drop in the viewership.

At number one, Star Plus recorded 699,034 GVTs, up from 680,792 GVTs it had recorded last week. Its chart topper Diya Aur Baati Hum is scaling new heights week after week. It garnered 9,971 TVTs, up from 9,484 TVTs. Saathiya Saath is the second highest rated show for the channel which saw a drop and rated 8,585 TVTs, down from 9,791 TVTs. The channel’s another fiction offering, Yeh Rishta Kya Kehlata Hai saw increase in the viewership and stood at 6,432 TVTs, up from 6,275 TVTs. Another fiction property which needs applaud is Ye Hai Mohababtein, which sees a growth every week despite being at the late prime time slot (11pm). It reported 6,768 TVTs, up from 5,523 TVTs.

The second highest gainer of the week was Sab, which despite the hike remained at number six. The channel garnered 266,714 GVTs, up from 258,013 GVTs. Its chart topper Taarak Mehta noted 5,558 TVTs, down from 5,585 TVTs. The channel’s game show - Sab Khelo sab Jeeto saw a rise in the viewership and stood at 1,454 TVTs, up from 1,233 TVTs and Balveer noted 2,343 TVTs, down from 2,597 TVTs.

Coming back to the channel which holds the second position strongly is Zee TV. It scored 386,568 GVTs, down from 394,023 GVTs. Its sting in the comedy space Gangs of Haseepur lost numbers and scored 1,297 TVTs, down from 1,605 TVTs. The channel’s historical series Jodha Akbar too lost eyeballs and reported 7,947 TVTs, down from 8,948 TVTs.

Colors occupied third position and scored 359,877 GVTs, down from 367,024 GVTs. It was the finale weekend for its reality show - Khatron Ke Khiladi which saw a marginal rise in the ratings. It garnered 5,469 TVTs, up from 5,310 TVTs. On the other hand, Comedy Nights with Kapil also saw a huge drop in the ratings and rated 5,628 TVTs, down from 5,930 TVTs. Talking about its fiction offerings; Madhubala recorded a fall and noticed 2,527 TVTs, down from 2,757 TVTs, Balika Vadhu registered a growth and stood at 4,183 TVTs, up from 4,098 TVTs and Rangrasiya also witnessed a rise and noted 2,603 TVTs, up from 2,563 TVTs.

At number four stood Life OK with 332,689 GVTs, down from 353,689 GVTs. Its fiction property, Tumhari Pakhi, seems to attract eyeballs as it saw a huge rise with 2,656 TVTs, up from 2,391 TVTs. Second to the list is its crime property – Shapath which saw a drop and measured 2,308 TVTs, down from 2,614 TVTs. Savdhan India noted 2,290 TVTs, down from 2,395 TVTs.

Talking about Sony Entertainment Television which stood at number six garnered 312,543 GVTs, down from 312,921 GVTs. CID is the top charter this week. It garnered 3,159 TVTs, up from 3,300 TVTs. Second to the list is Maharan Veer Pratap which reported 3,123 TVTs, down from 3,222 TVTs. Its reality show Entertainment Ke Liye Kuch Bhi Karega witnessed a huge fall and scored 2,084 TVTs, down from 2,698 TVTs.

In the movie genre: Zee Cinema reported 188,748 GVTs, up from 185,199 GVTs; Movies OK scored 132,202 GVTs, down from 133,665 GVTs; &pictures garnered 95,214 GVTs, up from 88,326 GVTs; Zee Anmol earned 69,811 GVTs, down from 72,345 GVTs and Max registered a huge hike as it recorded 582,127 GVTs, up from 445,130 GVTs.

Gross TVM's (Channel Wise)

  • Iss Pyaar Ko Kya Naam Doon 3.2 (3.3 )
  • Ek Ghar Banauga 3.0 (2.9)
  • Saath Nibhana Saathiya 8.6 (9.8)
  • Saraswatichandra 4.9 (5.8)     
  • Ek Haseena Thi 4.3 (4.3)
  • Mahabharat 6.4 (6.0)
  • Diya Aur Baati Hum 10.0  ( 9.5)
  • Ye Rishta Kya Kehlata Hai 6.4  (6.3)
  • Pyaar Ka Dard Hai Meetha Meetha Pyaara Pyaara 6.0 (5.6)
  • Veera 6.1(5.3)
  • Ye Hai Mohabattein6.8 (5.5)
  • SV 0.6 (0.6 )

COLORS drops further  to 360 GTVMs (367).
  • Sasural Simar Ka  4.0 (3.7),
  • Balika Vadhu 4.2 (4.2),
  • Madhubala 2.5 (2.8),
  • Beintehaa 2.9 (2.8),
  • Rang Rasiya 2.6 (2.9), 
  • Uttaran 3.2 (3.7)
  • Bani Ishq Da Kalma 2.5 (2.5),
  • Comedy Nights With Kapil 5.6 (5.5)
  • Fear Factor Khatron Ke Khiladi 5.5 (5.3)
  • Mission Sapne 2.0(2.9)

ZEE TV is at  387 (394 ).
  • Pavitra Rishta  1.8 (2.1),
  • EK Muthi Aasman 3.0 (3.5),
  • Sapne Suhane Ladakpan Ke 4.1 (5.0),
  • Jodha Akbar 7.9 (8.9),
  • Do Dil Bandhe Ek Dori Se  4.3 (4.7),
  • Kumkum Bhagya 3.0 (3.0) ,  
  • Qubool Hai  3.4 (3.6),
  • Aur Pyaar Ho Gaya 3.1 (3.0)
  • Doli Armanon Ki  3.2 (3.2),
  • DID Lil Masters 3.4 (3.3)
  • Gangs of Haseepur 1.3(1.6)
  • Fear Files 1.7 ( 2.2),  
  • Buddha 0.7 ( 0.7),
  • Zee Cricket League 4.3 TVM over 3 hours.
LIFE OK drops to 333 Gross TVMs (354).
  • Gustak Dil  1.9 (1.7),
  • Devon Ke Dev..Mahadev 1.8 ( 1.7),
  • Ek Boondh Ishq  2.4 ( 2.4),
  • Naadan Parindey  1.3 (1.6),
  • Tumhaari Paakhi 2.7 (2.4),
  • Welcome 1.3 (1.3),  
  • Saavdhan India  2.4 ( 2.4),
  • Shapath 2.3 (2.6),
  • Hatim 2.1 (2.5).

SAB TV grows to 267 ( 258 ).
  • Pritam Pyaare 1.4(1.4 )
  • Baal Veer  2.3 ( 2.6),
  • Taarak Mehta Ka Ooltha Chasma 5.6 ( 5.6 ),
  • Chidiya Ghar 2.2 ( 2.1),
  • Jeanie Aur Juju 1.4 (1.3),
  • Laapataganj 1.5 ( 1.4),
  • FIR 1.3 (1.5)
SONY stays at 313 (313 ).
  • Main Na Bhulungi  0.9 (0.9),
  • Ek Nayi Pehchaan 1.0 (1.2),
  • Entertainment Ke Liye Kuch Bhi Karega 2.1 (2.7),
  • Maharana Pratap 3.1 (3.2),
  • Bade Acche Lagte Hain 1.1 (1.0),
  • CID 3.2 (3.3),
  • Crime Patrol  1.9 (2.1 ),
  • Encounter 1.2 (1.3),
  • Adaalat 1.5(1.5)
TAM RATINGS: TVM(TRP) & GVT(GRP) Ratings 2014- Week 20

-K Himaanshu Shukla

Copyright © 2014 - ScrutinyByKHimaanshu

Paridhi Sharma out..Aparna Dixit roped in to play a cameo in 'Meri Aashiqui Tumhi Se Hai'

We reported earlier that Ekta Kapoor was keen to rope Paridhi Sharma, who is currently seen in Balaji telefilm’s show Jodha Akbar to play a parallel lead in Balaji Telefilms' next show on Colors.

Now we heard, Paridhi was actually approached for a cameo role in the show. But owing to Paridhi’s date issues Aparna Dixit is shortlisted to play the cameo in ‘Meri Aashiqui Tumhi Se Hai’.

Paridhi Sharma in Ekta Kapoor's next on Colors'?

Aparna, who is currently seen as Mansi in Ekta’s show Pavitra Rishta will be seen in the initial 5-6 episodes probably as Shakti Arora’s cousin.

Shakti Arora bags the lead role in Ekta Kapoor's next on Colors..  

Also, veteran actor Muni Jha is roped to play Gauri Pradhan’s husband. In the show, Gauri’s husband left her at young age, later she got married to Muni Jha.  For those uninitiated, Gauri and Muni were last seen together in ‘Kyunki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi’.

The show is set in Gujarati backdrop and is expected to launch by the end of June.

Copyright © 2014 - ScrutinyByKHimaanshu

May 28, 2014

Shiv and Anandi get worried in Balika Vadhu!

The situation in the house is changing and that is worrying Shiv (Siddharth Shukla) and Anandi (Toral Rasputra). They are saddened with Subhadra’s behavior towards Amol. Amol spends some time with his parents explaining he tries constantly to be good with Subhadra but she is yet cold with him.

Meanwhile on the other hand Sumitra(Smita Bansal) and Bhairon(Anup Soni) bid their goodbye to their house and leave for the US. Amol brings flowers to please Subhadra.

Shyamal bhai tries to ease Kalyani’s fear with his polite words and he pacifies Kalyani.

Kalyani questions him, but he maintains suspense about the place and doesn’t divulge much.

Shyamal bhai takes Kalyani to Het singh's house along with Jagya to overcome her fears. Kalyani(Surekha Sikri) apologises Het singh's wife for killing her son.

Het singh's wife forgives her. In Udaipur, Shiv tells Anandi how he can’t handle Rasika and her rants anymore.

Smita Bansal & Anup Soni quits Balika Vadhu!! 

Anandi tells him to be considerate towards Rasika. At Kesar bagh, Subhadra creates ruckus when she gets to know that Anandi entered kitchen to cook during her menstrual days. She scolds Anandi in front of all.

Subhadra announces that she won’t consume anything during the day and that includes water as well. Anandi tries to be resonable towards subhadra's traditional beliefs.

Copyright © 2014 - ScrutinyByKHimaanshu

May 26, 2014

Sunil Grover to return as Gutthi in Comedy Nights?

Sunil Grover, who is well known as Gutthi is all set to return to Comedy Nights With Kapil. ..yes you read is right..the talented comedian will be back in the show which impelled him to the fame.

Last November, he decided to leave the show and in February he came with his own show ‘Mad In India’ on rival channel. However, his new show didn’t managed to garner decent ratings and was pulled off air prematurely in May.

“Thank You Junta”, says Kapil Sharma

Now we heard, Kapil Sharma and Sunil let the bygones be bygones and decided to patch up. If everything goes well, Sunil will be back in Comedy Nights. Nevertheless, it’s not yet decided he returns as Gutthi or as another character.

-K Himaanshu Shukla...

Copyright © 2014 - ScrutinyByKHimaanshu

May 25, 2014

Inner and Outer Joins!..

JOINS are basically used to combine the data from two tables. The temporary table is created based on column(s) that the two tables share, which represent meaningful column(s) of comparison.

Frequently asked SQL queries in interview..

SQL Query to find second highest salary of Employee
select MAX(Salary) from Employee WHERE Salary NOT IN (select MAX(Salary) from Employee );

May 24, 2014

All about Normalization!

Normalization is one of the favorite topics of interviewee, here are the basics about what Normalization is all about.

What is Normalization?
A normalization is the process of organizing the columns, tables of a database to minimize the redundancy of data and ensure data dependencies make sense( means storing related data in a table).

It involves in dividing large tables into smaller tables and defining relationships between them.

What are different types of Normalization Levels or Normalization Forms?

The technique of normalization includes some rules, which when applied, changes the unnormalized data to a normalized-structured state. The process of nomalizing is implemented in 3 levels which as known as normal forms.

Inner and Outer Joins!..

First Normal Form:
1). Identify the primary key.
2). Remove all duplicate columns from the same table.
3). Create separate tables for each group of related data and identify each row with a unique column or set of columns (Primary Key).
4). Add a primary key column to the new table. It should be the same column as the foreign key in the base table.
Second Normal Form:
First it should meet the requirement of first normal form.

All the non-primary key column should be dependent on the whole primary key.  When a non primary key column is partially dependent on primary key then it is known as partial dependency. In 2nd normal form this partial dependency is removed.

Frequently asked SQL queries in interview..

How to remove Partial Dependency?
a). First you need to identify the columns which are partially dependent on primary key.
b). Remove those column from the base table and create another table, in which all the non-primary column are dependent on primary key of newly created table.

Third Normal Form:
First it should meet the requirements of second normal form. in 3rd NF all the non-primary key columns in the tables are directly dependent on the primary key and are not dependent on any other non-primary key.

1). First step is to identify the non-primary key column that depend on other non-primary key columns.
2). Then you need to remove these columns from the base table.
3). Create another table with this removed columns and include the non-primary key column that they are dependent on making it the primary key.
4). Create a foreign key in the base table and link it to primary key of newly created table.

What is Transitive Dependency?
It's a situation where a non-key column of a table is dependent on another non-key column.

What is De-normalization?
The de-normalization is the process of optimizing the read performance of a database by adding redundant data or by grouping data.

Let us take an example:

Student Details
Course Details
Result Details
Roll No
Student Name
Course ID
Course Name
Duration in Month
Date Of Exams
Marks Obtained
Basic Maths
Basic Maths

Basic Chemistry

 Basic Physics
 Basic Physics


Basic Maths

The above table contains the student and result details. Above table has below issues:

1). Firstly, we cannot insert prospective course which does not have any registered student or we cannot insert student details that is yet to register for any course.
2). Secondly, if we want to update the course M4’s name we need to do this operation three times. Similarly we may have to update student 1003’s name twice if it changes.
3). Also, if we want to delete a course M4 , in addition to M4 occurs details , other critical details of student also will be deleted. This kind of deletion is harmful to business. Moreover, M4 appears thrice in above table and needs to be deleted thrice.
4). Course M4’s data is stored thrice and student 1002’s data stored twice .This redundancy will increase as the number of course offerings increases.

To remove above issues, normalization is performed on above table.

-K Himaanshu Shukla...

Copyright © 2014 - ScrutinyByKHimaanshu

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